As a result of COVID-19 related mortality and morbidity, the rapid spread of the virus worldwide, the WHO (World Health Organization) announced a pandemic state on 12 March 2020. As a result of the announcement but also prior to the announcement governments worldwide implemented measures to avoid further spread of the virus and reduce the number of causalities. Because of the pandemic, many essential services that usually make life easier, like banking, shopping facilities, all kinds of services, including medical, childcare, schools, sports and entertainment are unavailable due to new regulations. This has severely impacted many aspects of everyday lives, causing many burdens, leading to fear, anxiety and uncertainty about the future and what it will bring. Many people are asking themselves questions such as: how long will all this last, how will it impact my life in the long-term, will I have a job when this is over, will I have an employer to return too, will all my family members survive and many more. Isolation and social distancing are an important risk factors of mental health.
As the COVID-19 pandemic has a great impact on many aspects of everyday life, healthcare providers worldwide are concerned about the mental well-being of pregnant women. To better understand the current situation and to plan effective ways of helping, an International Group of Researchers PregMIND have come together to address this problem. If you are currently pregnant and would like to help us better understand your worries and concerns regarding daily life during the COVID epidemic, we invite you to fill out an anonymous survey.
This study has been an internationally coordinated effort. The research teams translated all the questionnaires as efficiently and quickly as possible, some errors may persist. We apologise for any errors and mistakes that you have identified. If found, please contact the appropriate research team.
Title of the Research Project: Risk factors for anxiety and depression among pregnant women during the COVID-19 pandemic.
This survey study has been approved by the Centre of Postgraduate Medical Education Research Ethics Committee (Decision No. 56/PB/2020).
AIMS OF STUDY
The primary aim is to compare differences in anxiety and depression scores of pregnant women between countries affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. The secondary aim is to assess demographic, economic, and social aspects affecting maternal anxiety and depression scores among pregnant women worldwide in the time of the COVID-19 pandemic. Finally, we will be able to compare differences in perception of the different aspects of the COVID-19 pandemic (social distancing, restrictions related to delivery) between countries and according to the epidemic status (number of infected patients, number of reported deaths). The comparisons will also be done according to COVID-19 status of the participants.
It is a web-based anonymous survey of pregnant women living in countries affected by the COVID19 pandemic. The survey is comprised of three sections: 1) questions related to general demography, pregnancy health history, mental health history, socioeconomic factors, as well as perception of fear, burden and restrictions related to the COVID-19 pandemic and 2) General Anxiety Disorder-7 (GAD-7) questionnaire for anxiety assessment 3) Patient Health Questionnaire – 9 (PHQ-9) for depression assessment. Web-based recruiting for health research has proven to be cost-effective and efficient. At current times with the COVID-19 pandemic, limited resources and social distancing restrictions, performing a mental health study involving pregnant women on a large international scale cannot be safely conducted without involving social-media.
The results of this survey will help expand knowledge about differences in anxiety and depression scores of pregnant women between countries affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. The fears of pregnant women fall into three categories: the medical condition, the economic status and the organization of daily activity.